There are three main forms of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and genetic diabetes. The treatment for each is very different because they have different causes. It is not always easy for doctors to be able to say for certain what kind of diabetes a person has, particularly in adults aged under 50, where the distinction between the types is less clear.

Getting the right diagnosis is important to know what treatment will be most effective; for example patients with Type 1 diabetes need insulin, whereas most patients with type 2 diabetes may be effectively treated without insulin.

The purpose of this research is to determine whether blood tests can help us improve treatment by identifying which patients have Type 1 diabetes, and will need very early insulin treatment, and which patients are unlikely to need insulin treatment at diagnosis. These tests include antibodies against the cells that make insulin (often seen in Type 1 diabetes), and a new test which assesses genetic risk of diabetes.


Who can be involved?

  • A person who has had a diagnosis of diabetes in the past 12 months
  • Aged between 18-50 when diagnosed


What happens to people taking part in this research?

This study is a 4 year long study involving 4 appointments. In each appointment you will be asked to offer clinical and diabetic data; such as weight, height, blood pressure, diabetes diagnosis and treatment. You will be asked to complete questionnaires about wellbeing and asked to provide blood and urine samples. You will recieve one visit per year.


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