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 There are three main forms of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and genetic diabetes. The treatment for each type is very different because they have different causes. It is not always easy for doctors to be able to say for certain what kind of diabetes a person has, particularly in adults aged under 50, where the distinction between the types is less clear.

Getting the right diagnosis is important so that the most effective treatment can be given. For example, patients with Type 1 diabetes need insulin but most patients with type 2 diabetes may be effectively treated without insulin.

The purpose of this research is to determine whether blood tests can help us improve treatment by identifying which patients have Type 1 diabetes (so will need very early insulin treatment), and which patients are unlikely to need insulin treatment at diagnosis. These tests include antibodies against the cells that make insulin (often seen in Type 1 diabetes), and a new test which assesses genetic risk of diabetes.

This study has now closed to recruitment. 


Findings so far: 

Study results are currently being collated and analysed.

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